Mexican cuisine is one of the most diverse and flavorful in the world, with a rich history and culture behind it. Corn, beans, chili peppers, and other herbs and spices are staples in many dishes, although regional differences are reflected in the cuisine as a whole.
The taco, one of Mexico's most iconic dishes, is a pocketed corn or flour tortilla filled with a variety of meats, veggies, and sauces. Tamales, enchiladas, mole, and pozole are also very popular. Rice, beans, and guacamole are often served with Mexican meals.
Mexican cuisine can be accommodating for those who have dietary limitations. Many traditional dishes are naturally gluten-free, such as corn tortillas, rice, and beans. Vegetarian and vegan options are also widely available, such as nopales (cactus), chiles rellenos (stuffed peppers), and chilaquiles (tortilla chips with salsa) (tortilla chips with salsa). But it's important to know that some dishes may contain animal products or be made with lard or other animal fats. If you have special dietary needs, you should always ask the server or chef.
Keep in mind that Mexican food can be very spicy, so people who can't handle a lot of heat might want to ask for mild or non-spicy options. It's also important to be cautious when trying street food, as hygiene standards may vary. Overall, Mexican food is tasty and varied, and you shouldn't miss it if you're traveling in Mexico.
Tacos are a staple of Mexican cuisine, consisting of a corn or flour tortilla filled with various meats, vegetables, and sauces.
Enchiladas are tortillas filled with meat, cheese, or beans, rolled up and covered in a chili sauce and baked or fried.
Tamales are a traditional Mexican dish made of masa (corn dough) filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables, wrapped in a corn husk, and steamed.
Chile rellenos are a traditional Mexican dish made with roasted and peeled chili peppers stuffed with cheese, meat, or beans, coated in egg batter, and fried.
Chilaquiles are a popular breakfast dish made with fried tortilla chips, salsa, cheese, and sometimes eggs or meat.
Mole is a complex and flavorful sauce made with chilies, nuts, spices, and sometimes chocolate, often served over chicken or other meats.
Pozoles are a hearty soup made with hominy (dried corn kernels), meat (usually pork), and a variety of spices, often served with lime, avocado, and radishes on the side.
Mexico has a rich history of traditional drinks, both alcoholic and non-alcoholic. Here are a few examples of common beverages that can be found in Mexico:
This refreshing drink is made with fruit, water, and sugar. Some popular flavors include watermelon, horchata (made with rice and cinnamon), and Jamaica (made with hibiscus flowers).
This thick, hot drink is made with masa (corn dough), water or milk, and sweetener. It's often flavored with cinnamon or chocolate and is commonly consumed during breakfast or as a dessert.
This pre-Hispanic drink is made with corn masa, cacao, and a flower called flor de cacao. It's often served with ice and has a nutty, chocolatey flavor.
This smoky, agave-based spirit is often compared to tequila, but has a distinct flavor of its own. It's often sipped neat or mixed into cocktails.
This beer-based drink is made with lime juice, hot sauce, and Worcestershire sauce. It's often served in a salt-rimmed glass with ice.
This classic cocktail is made with tequila, lime juice, and triple sec. It's often served on the rocks with a salt rimmed glass.